Madrid

Madrid

5Madrid is today a cosmopolitan city where people from many parts of the globe, especially from the neighboring countries, from the north of the African continent, and, of course, from Latin America, especially Brazilians, live side by side in harmony.

It is also a capital with high levels of human and urban development, resulting in an excellent quality of life, both for those who intend to have a permanent residence, as well as their visitors.

Among its landmarks are the Royal Palace of Madrid; the Teatro Real; the Retiro Park, founded in 1631; the building of the National Library of Spain, founded in 1712; several national museums and the so-called “Golden Triangle of Art”, located along the Paseo del Prado and composed of three important art museums: the Prado Museum, the Queen Sofia Museum and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum. The Cibeles Square also became one of the main symbols of the city.

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About your tour options in Madrid and region

In Madrid, you have the option to follow a personalized script guided in Portuguese. If you have a little more time in the city, you can also visit the beautiful cities of Toledo, Segovia and Avila on semi-independent tours or with our guides from Madrid.

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Main attractions of the region

 

In MADRID:

Puerta del Sol – is one of the most famous and popular places of the city of Madrid. This is where the zero kilometer of the Spanish roads is located, and also the clock that traditionally makes the countdown for the entrance of the new year every December 31.

 

Barrio de las Letras

Puerta de Alcalá – The Puerta de Alcalá is a monument located in Plaza de la Independencia, on Calle de Alcalá, in Madrid, Spain. It consists of two rectangular doors that flank three arches. It was built in 1778 by King Charles III to serve as the gateway to the city. The designer of the work was Francisco Sabatini and the sculptures in it are authored by Roberto Michel and Francisco Gutiérrez.

Calle Serrano – One of the most luxurious shopping streets in the city.

Retiro Garden – The Retiro Gardens were designed between 1630-1640, when the Count-Duke of Olivares, attentive vassal of King Philip IV (1621-1665), offered the monarch some land for the leisure of the Court around the Convent of St. Jerome the Real. When it began to adapt this complex, well-known Palace of Bom Retiro, the area of ​​145 hectares that surrounded it was all landscaped. These gardens were designed by the Italian set designer Cosme Lotti.

Reina Sofia Museum – is one of the most important museums of Spanish modern art. Colloquially called the Reina Sofia Modern Art Center, it was officially inaugurated on September 10, 1992, and its name pays homage to Queen Sofia, Queen Consort of Spain.

Botanical Garden – is a research center of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas in the city of Madrid, Spain. It was founded in 1755 in Soto de Migas Calientes, and changed, in 1781, to the Paseo del Prado. The architecture of the final space was in charge of Francesco Sabatini. This botanical garden houses three spaces: American plants, Pacific plants and European plants.

Paseo de las Artes

Gran Via – is one of the main streets of the city of Madrid in Spain. It starts at Calle de Alcalá and ends at Plaza de España. It is an important commercial, tourist and leisure area, with its many cinemas, although some have closed to give way to theaters for musicals, for which Gran Vía, between Plaza de Callao and Plaza de España, is known such as Broadway in Madrid.

Plaza España – is one of the most important in Madrid, from where it leaves the Gran Via, main artery of the city.

Temple Debod – constitutes one of the few complete Nubian-Egyptian architectural testimonies that can be contemplated outside of Egypt and the only one of these characteristics existing in Spain.

Royal Palace – also known as Palacio de Oriente and during the Second Spanish Republic, National Palace, is the official residence of the King of Spain, located in Madrid, the Spanish capital. With an area of ​​135,000 m² and 4318 rooms, it is the largest royal palace in Europe. It was built in the same place as another palace, called Real Alcázar de Madrid, destroyed by a fire that lasted three days, in the year 1734.

Villa Square

San Miguel Market

Plaza Mayor – It is a rectangular square, surrounded on all sides of buildings of three floors, and its entrance is only possible through the nine porticos. It is 129 meters long and 94 meters wide. There are 237 balconies all along the square. The most well-known portico is the Arco de Cuchilleros, in the southwest corner of the square. At the center, on the north side, stands Casa de la Panadería and in front of it, on the south side, ‘Casa de la Carnicería. Under the arches, in its arcades, are established traditional shops, constituting one of the most important tourist spots in the city.

La Latina – La Latina occupies a large area of ​​the classic Madrid, also sometimes known as the Madrid de los Austrias with which it overlaps in large part, and maintains a peculiar urban network of peculiar medieval, with spacious squares and narrow streets that follow the old water route. Its configuration overlaps almost perfectly with the first walled enclosures of the ninth century citadel – the muezzin – and the city – the medina. The streets were present in all the historical events that took place in Madrid, at all times, without losing its popular character. In this sense, we can say that America is the great part of the true historical center of Madrid.

La Castellana – is one of the main and widest avenues of Madrid, Spain. It currently has six central and four further lateral lanes. Walk through the city from the Plaza de Colón, and head north to the Plaza de Castilla. Its path corresponds to the course of an ancient river that passed by. In the south end it connects to the Paseo de Recoletos, which in turn joins the a along the Paseo del Prado (the latter two are often included in the Paseo de la Castellana, thus saying that the Castellana); these three routes form an important axis that runs through the city from north to south. It is also along the Paseo de la Castellana that the many buildings of the financial complex of AZCA, the most important of the city, and also the recent complex of the Four Towers Business Area are erected. Also installed along the Castellana are the Municipal Palace of Exhibitions and Congresses of Madrid; in front of this building is the Santiago Bernabeu Stadium of the Real Madrid football club. It should also be noted that most of the ministries’ buildings are on this avenue, as are some embassies.

Santiago Bernabeu Stadium (Real Madrid) – Located at the site of the former Real Madrid stadium, the Chamartín Stadium, the Santiago Bernabéu was designed by Luis Alemany Soler and Manuel Muñoz Monasterio, the stadium had its foundation stone installed on October 27, 1944. It was inaugurated on December 14, 1947 in a match Real Madrid and Belenenses de Portugal, with the name Stadium Chamartín. At the time it had a capacity of 75,145 spectators, of which 27,645 had seats (7,125 covered) and 47,500 standing (2,000 covered). On January 4, 1955, after a major remodeling, the General Assembly of Compromise Members met, when it was decided to adopt the current name, in honor of the former president of the club and main architect of the construction of the stadium, the leader Santiago Bernabéu. In 2003, the Santiago Bernabeu was named by UEFA as 5 Stars Stadium. In 2014 the president Florentino Perez announced that there will be a new Santiago Bernabéu that will be inaugurated in 2015.

Prado Museum – is the most important museum in Spain and one of the most important in the World. Featuring beautiful and precious works of art, the museum is located in Madrid and was commissioned by Carlos III. The construction works lasted for many years, having been inaugurated only in the reign of Fernando VII.

In TOLEDO

Nueva de Bisagra Gate- It is the main entrance of the Old Zone of Toledo. Right in front of it is the tourist information, so you can start your tour of the city from there. It has an Arab origin but was rebuilt by Emperor Charles V. If you start the visit from it, you have to go towards Zocodover Square, which is the central square of Toledo. It’s about a 10 minute walk. On the way you will find the Church Santiago Del Arrabal and the Puerta del Sol, which is another important point of Toledo’s visit.

Mosque of the Christ of the Light – is a mosque of caliphate time, approximately of the year 1000 a., That was later transformed, when the construction of an apse in its later part, in order to convert it into a temple of Christian worship in the time of Afonso VII, and dedicated since then to the Christian religion. It is the best preserved mosque of the ten that came to exist in the Muslim era in the city of Toledo.

Hospital and Santa Cruz Museum (ceramic exhibits) – The hospital was founded by Cardinal Mendoza to centralize assistance to the orphaned and abandoned children of the city. It has a remarkable plateresque cover, designed by Alonso de Covarrubias. The building has a Greek cross and four meters, two of which were completed entirely. The first is from Covarrubias and gives access to the top via a twisting staircase. The museum consists of two floors. The cruise covers two floors, and is covered with vaults. In the north chapel he raised his arm. The museum has sections on Archeology, Fine and Decorative Arts. Fine art backgrounds are distributed on the first and second floor, and archeology, in the Senate and Noble on an underground floor. Decorative Arts include an example of people Toledo craft, which is also located in the basement.

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Catedral Primada de Toledo – is one of three Spanish Gothic cathedrals of the XIII century, seat of the Archdiocese of Toledo, being considered the magna of this style in the country. It was built from 1226 to 1493 and was designed from the Cathedral of Bourges. It also combines some characteristics of the Mudejar style, mainly in the cloister. It was built with rocks of Olihuelas, near Toledo. One of its most magnificent parts is the Baroque altar called El Transparente, built by Narciso Tomé. The bath of light that comes from an appropriate crack in the ceiling, makes the altar appear for a few minutes to be rising to the heavens, the which originated his nickname. The Cathedral also has over 750 stained glass windows. The main façade has three doors: Puerta del Perdón, Puerta del Rey, and Puerta del Infierno. The first has this name because it used to guarantee the indulgences for those who entered for forgiveness. Today it is only open on special occasions. The third contains only floral decorations. It was used for the Palm Sunday procession. The king of Portugal D. Sancho II is buried in the Cathedral of Toledo.

Army Museum – a building situated on the highest hill of the city, where you can also find the old town. Its history goes back to the time of the Romans in the 19th century. III, where it was conceived as a palace. Over the centuries, its function as a structure has changed. Its history is at least varied. It is known that it was a Roman palace and also the royal residence of Charles V, who in 1643 was state prison. and during the Civil War it housed the military academy. It is also known that it was a military fortification, medieval castle and headquarters of the House of Charity. If it is standing nowadays it is due to several reconstructions, as it suffered fires and even a well-known harassment. Lately they seem to have found a more appropriate use for this enclosure, and since 1998 it has hosted the Library of Castilla-La Mancha, although, as it could not fail to be, it shares the space with the Army Museum.

Jewish Quarter

Parish Santo Tomé – is a church located in the historic center of the city of Toledo, founded after the reconquest of this city by King Alfonso VII of Castile. The church appears quoted in the twelfth century, as having been built on the grounds of an ancient 11th century mosque. This mosque, like other mosques in the city, was used as a Christian church without major changes, since in the taking of the city there was no destruction of buildings. However, at the beginning of the fourteenth century, being in a ruinous state, it was completely rebuilt by Gonçalo Ruiz de Toledo, lord of Orgaz, and the former minaret of the mosque was transformed into a Mudejar style belfry. Its fame is mainly due to sheltering inside the picture The Burial of the Count of Orgaz of El Greco, that can be contemplated acceding by the later part of the church.

Transit Synagogue – This is the name by which it is popularly known, but its real name is Synagogue of Samuel Levi. Since 1964, the Sephardic Museum has been set up in order to preserve the legacy of Spanish-Jewish and Sephardic culture so that it is integrated as an essential part of the Spanish Historical Heritage.

El Greco – Doménikos Theotokopoulos, better known as El Greco, (“The Greek”) (Fodele, Heraclion, 1541. Toledo, April 7, 1614) was a Greek painter, sculptor and architect who developed most of his career in Spain. He signed his works with the original name, emphasizing its origin. He was born in Crete, which at that time belonged to the Republic of Venice, and was a post-Byzantine artistic center. He trained there and became a master of this artistic tradition, before traveling at twenty-six to Venice, as other Greek artists had done. In 1570 he moved to Rome, where he opened an atelier and performed some series of works. During his stay in Italy, he enriched his style with elements of Mannerism and Venetian renaissance. He finally moved in 1577 to Toledo, Spain, where he lived and worked until his death. There, El Greco received several orders and produced his best known paintings.

Museum of contemporary art – This museum houses a collection of modern Spanish art, including works by Joan Miró and Aureliano de Beruete. The Museum of Contemporary Art contains a large amount of 20th century figurative art.

Plaza del Comercio (Trade Square)

In SEGOVIA – The city is famous, among other attractions, for its Roman Aqueduct, all in granite, whose construction began in the first century of the Christian era by order of the Emperor Domitian. Segovia was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1985. The work of the aqueduct really impresses, and even with its 2,000 years of age, it is very well preserved

The Aqueduct of Segovia

Calle Obispo Gandásegui

Church and Square of San Martin

The street of commerce Calle Juan Bravo

Mayor Square

The Gothic Cathedral of Ntra. Mrs. de la Asunción y de San Frutos, also known as Segovia Cathedral, from the 16th century

Jewish neighborhood

Puerta de San Andrés

The House of the Sun – Museum of Segovia

viewpoint of the Valley of the Clamores

The monastery of Santa Maria del Parral

 

In ÁVILA – Ávila was declared in 1985 Unesco World Heritage. The city is a striking example (and very well preserved) of a fortified city in the middle ages. Its origins date back to the Roman Empire, 2,000 years ago. Later, it was invaded by the barbarian peoples, the Visigoths, who were conquered by the Arabs in century VIII. Finally, it fell under Christian rule in the 11th century of the Middle Ages. The wall and the cathedral of Ávila are of this time, about 900 years ago.

Walls of Avila

Santa Teresa Square

Parish of the Apostle Peter

Cathedral of Avila – was built integrated to the Wall of Avila. Works began in the twelfth century and spanned 300 years.

The Basilica of Saint Vincent

The chapel of Mosén Rubí

Plaza del Mercado Chico

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